A few hours ago, I received this email from my friend of forty years, David Goodman:
My mother left this stage at 1:18 AM this morning and is now with my father and brother Andrew and others on the next level. I am sure she is having a fine time.
Complete obit in New York Times, Aug 18, 2007
Readers of this blog may remember my post of June 21, where I included, with his permission, the extraordinary postcard that David gave me in May when I had dinner with Carolyn Drucker Goodman (his mother) at her apartment on New York's Upper West Side. At nearly 92, she remained extraordinarily dignified, surrounded by the memorabilia of an historic life and the good taste of a sophisticated intellectual who'd lived in the city and known fascinating people.
Carolyn Goodman, as in the mother of Andrew Goodman, as in Goodman-Schwerner-and-Chaney, the three young civil rights workers murdered in Mississippi in 1964, here with the other two mothers at Andy's funeral.
David's light touch in reporting his mother's death is emblematic of her spirit. She carried herself with rare dignity and grace along avenues where others would have been crawling on the pavement begging. I don't know how anyone survives their child's death, no less brutal murder by the Ku Klux Klan, but she did, while maintaining a complex and influential career as a psychologist (assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at Albert Einstein Medical School among other honors-see the jump page for her entire resume and list of publications) and maintaining a lifelong dedication to the Andrew Goodman Foundation that she and her husband started in 1966.
From the moment I met Carolyn in 1969, I wanted to be like her. It was just months after her husband had died suddenly of a stroke, barely five years after her son's murder. ("Andy's death killed him," David once told me.) She was 54 and, at 22, I was overcome with admiration at the composure of this absolutely gorgeous woman, who'd lost her child and husband in such rapid sequence. I was struck also with her beautiful skin (milk baths were the secret, David said).
Many times since, when I've felt overwhelmed by the cards on my table, I've thought of Carolyn, her just continuing, never wallowing, just continuing, positively, without complaint or fury, just continuing.
In 2002, I was honored to present her with the Champions of Freedom Award from Freedom House, here in Boston. She was nearly 88 at the time, still very beautiful, warm, and articulate about the choices she'd made in her life.
So tonight I've lit a very special candle, given to me by Sylvia, my Antioch college roommate, about the time we both met David. Today is Sylvia's 60th birthday and she too was with me for our last dinner with Carolyn on May 18, 2007.
New York, NY
LIFE’S WORK AND CURRICULUM VITAE
Carolyn Goodman has been working for causes of social justice for most of her life. During her undergraduate years at Cornell University, she and her husband-to-be were involved in organizing Farmer Cooperatives. In the late 1930s she became Women’s Division Chair of the Join Antifascist Refugee Committee that supported Spanish Republicans who fled or were exiled by Francisco Franco.
During the early years of her marriage to Robert Goodman, a graduate of the Cornell School of Engineering, Carolyn Goodman began her graduate work in psychology. Dr. Goodman became Assistant Clinical Professor, Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Unit Chief of PACE Family Treatment Center a program of the Bronx Psychiatric Center. Dr. Goodman designed the Parent Adult Child Education Program (PACE), in 1968 for emotionally disturbed mothers with high risk preschool children. PACE has been replicated in this country and abroad and in September, 1980 was presented with a GOLD Award for program excellence by the Board of Hospital and Community Psychiatry of the American Psychiatric Association. PACE was also the recipient of the Ruth Kirzon Group Humanitarian Award for Services to Handicapped Children.
Dr. Goodman administered the PACE program, provided direct clinical services to parents, children and teachers. She developed curriculum for PACE staff education and medical students, conducted seminars for local and national mental health agencies and supervised Fellows, residents, other clinicians and undergraduate students in the mental health field. Dr. Goodman has written and published a number of articles on the treatment and psycho-education of high risk families. See Attachment A for a detailed list of her Professional Training, Academic Honors, Professional Experience, Selected Publications and Presentations, and Awards.
Carolyn Goodman had three sons; Jonathan, Andrew and David born in 1941, 1943 and 1946, respectively. Andrew Goodman, the second of her sons, was murdered for his unflagging belief in equal justice for all. He was a volunteer in the Mississippi 1964 Summer Project, an important step in the Civil Rights Movement involving thousands of students, teachers, lawyers, doctors, and clergymen. Shortly after arriving in Mississippi, on June 21, 1964, he, along with James Chaney and Michael Schwerner, were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan in Philadelphia, Mississippi. The deaths of these three young activists was a tragedy that illuminated the evils of a segregated community that shook the nation.
Carolyn and Robert Goodman founded the Andrew Goodman Foundation in 1966 to help carry on the goals and dreams of Andrew Goodman. Sadly, Robert Goodman died suddenly in 1969. In 1989, 25 years after the death of her son Andrew, Carolyn Goodman called together the Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner families to form a coalition that would commemorate and perpetuate the legacy not only of the three young men but of the thousands of people, black and white, who had risked and lost their lives in the struggle for civil and human rights. The credibility of the Chaney-Goodman-Schwerner Coalition captured the interest of young people and attracted the attention of the national media. A Freedom Caravan traveled from Philadelphia, Mississippi to New York City, where thousands of people heard speakers such as former Governor Mario Cuomo, artists such as Harry Belafonte, Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, Peter Paul and Mary, and Jessye Norman celebrate youth action. These artists and speakers reminded the crowd of the need to carry the torch lit by their counterparts 25 years earlier.
In the summer of 1994, Carolyn Goodman under the auspices of the Andrew Goodman Foundation sponsored an unprecedented project called Freedom Summer ’94. Through this project, the Andrew Goodman Foundation provided training and technical assistance to youth organizers from all over the country. YouthAction, one of these groups, a national youth organization, formerly part of the Executive Committee of Freedom Summer ’94, continues to train grassroots organizers who are growing in numbers and effectiveness.
Inspired by the work being done by young people, and frustrated that social action by today’s youth is ignored, Carolyn Goodman and the Andrew Goodman Foundation initiated its latest project, a documentary about youth activism in the 1990s entitled HIDDEN HEROES. This film tells the story of today’s young activists, people who are working to improve the quality of life in their communities. Despite the media’s portrayal of today‘s young people as apathetic and violent, there are young organizers addressing issues of local concern, such as education, ecology, voter registration, anti-drug intervention, and racial tension. HIDDEN HEROES has been distributed to schools, libraries and other educational outlets to inform young people about essential work being done by their peers. The film is accompanied by a curriculum guide, prepared by students under the auspices of the Community Relations Department of Shoreham – Wading River High School of New York, and was developed by a highly experienced educator. It has helped teachers lead discussions that promote a different perspective from that of negative media messages.
Carolyn Goodman has spoken at schools, colleges, churches, synagogues, museums, the United Nations and before various local, state and federal governmental bodies on all subjects relating to social activism for human dignity and civil rights.
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, B.S., 1936
City University of New York, M.S., 1953
Teacher's College, Columbia University, Ed. D. 1968
1958-1959. Institute for Group Psychotherapy. Seminars and Supervision in Group Therapy.
1954-1968. Psychiatric Supervision, Individual Psychotherapy.
1958-1966. Psychiatric Supervision, Group Therapy.
1962-1963. Workshop in Family Therapy. Association for Group Psychoanalysis and Process.
1962-1963. Seminar: Family Psychodynamics and Group Therapy, Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
1968-1991. Professional Seminars: Bronx Psychiatric Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Harvard University.
Kappa Delta Pi - National Honor Society for men and women in education.
Pi Lambda Theta - National Honor Society for women in education.
American Psychological Association. Fellow of the Association.
1952-1953. Lenox Hill Consulting Service. Diagnostic testing and consultation.
1953-1954. Les Coquelicots Nursery and Primary Schools. Staff psychologist, diagnostic testing, consultant to staff and parents
1954-1968. Guidance Center of New Rochelle. Staff psychologist, individual and group psychotherapy.
1957-1958. New Hope Guild of Adelphi College. Supervising psychologist.
1957-1963. Private practice of psychotherapy.
1960-1968. Guidance Center of New Rochelle. Staff psychotherapist, Director of Community Services, liaison with, and consultant to New Rochelle Departments of Public Health, Social Services and Interdenominational Group of Clergymen.
1963-1965. New Rochelle Council of Social Agencies. Board Member.
1966-1968. Westchester Institute on Sex Education. Board Member and Chairwoman of Speakers Bureau.
1968-1991. PACE Family Treatment Center, Bronx Psychiatric Center. Program Design and Outpatient Coordinator/Unit Chief.
1968-1991. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Assistant Clinical Professor, psychiatry.
1974-1977. Highbridge Subregional Planning Committee for Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Alcoholism Service. Co-Chairwoman.
1974-1977. Bronx Federation of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Alcoholism Service. Member Executive Committee.
1981-1983. Office of Mental Health Committee member of Families Work Group.
1981-1983. Office of Mental Health Subcommittee, Families of Mentally Disabled: staff Education and Training. Chairperson.
1981-1983. Office of Mental Health, Subcommittee on Family Models.
1981-1984. Substance Abuse Task Force. Committee of Substance Abuse and Early Childhood Committee.
1983-1984. Mount Vernon Mental Health Center. Staff Training for Surrogate Family Mothers.
1983-present. Project Return: Development of a Mother/Child Residence for Substance Abusers.
1984-1985. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Division of Substance Abuse Services and Psychiatry.
1985- Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Member Task Force for International Mental Health.
1985-1986. New York City Human Resources Administration. Member, Public Child Fatality Review Committee.
1985- American Civil Liberties Foundation. Consultant, Services to Children in Foster Care.
1985- New York State Division for Women. Committee on Domestic Violence and Incarcerated Women.
1985- Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Consultant, Day Care Center for Children with Aids, Department of Immunology.
1985- Project Return Residential Treatment Center Proposal for Mother and Children. Consultant/Program Development.
1985- Mercer Community Mental Health Center, Pennsylvania, Hospital. Program Consultant.
1985- New York Psychologists for Social Responsibility. Co-Chair, Media Task Force, Member.
1985- Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Methadone Maintenance Research Proposal, Consultant.
1986- New York State Office of Mental Health, Bureau of Children and Youth, Program Consultant, Therapeutic Nursery Programs.
1986- Sanctuary For Families, Program Consultant for High Risk Families.
1986- Bronx Municipal Hospital Center, Program Consultant, Families at Risk.
1986- Division of Substance Abuse, Service, New York City; Program Consultant, High Risk Parents.
1987- Kirby Forensic Psychiatric Institute, New York City; Program Consultant, Developing Services for Patients with Young Children.
1987- Mental Health Association, New York City; Program Consultant, Developing a Clinicians Curriculum for Treating Adult Patients at Risk for Abusing and Neglecting Children.
1987- Albert Einstein College of Medicine Methadone Maintenance Research Project; Bronx, New York; Program Consultant, Drug Abuse Prevention Among High Risk Children.
1987- South Beach Psychiatric Center, Staten Island, New York; Program Development, Mothers and High Risk Children.
1987- Montefiore Mental Health Center, Bronx, New York; Program Development, Mothers and High Risk Children.
1987- Office of Mental Health New State Regional Office, Syracuse, New York; Program Development, Mothers and High Risk Children.
1987- Project Return Foundation; New York City; Program Development, Mentally Ill Substance Abusers and their High Risk Children; a Residential Treatment Center and Continuing Care Clinic.
1991 - Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Assistant Clinical Professor, psychiatry Emeritus
1990-1992. Consultant and program development, Bronx Children's Psychiatric Center, Department of Community Psychiatry.
SELECTED PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS:
Tulipan, A., Goodman, C. "Community Psychiatric Programs and The Clergy," Insight, Winter, 1963, also presented at World Federation of Mental Health Conference, Paris, 1961.
Goodman, C., "Daydreaming - A Much Needed Skill for Living" Child and Family, 1966.
Goodman, C., "Implementing Public Law 182" Nursing Outlook,1964 and Psychology In The Practice of Nursing: A Book of Readings, Howard Allen Inc., 1965.
Goodman, C., Putter, Z., "The Children of Mentally Ill Parents-Whose Responsibility?" Presented at American Orthopsychiatric Association, 1972.
DiScipio, W., Wood, M., Goodman, C., "Conjoint Mother-Child Psychotherapy: A Follow-Up." Presented at American Psychiatric Association, 1974.
Goodman, C., "Parenting - Problems and Possibilities" Presented at the National Drug Abuse Conference, 1976.
Goodman, C., "Prevention and Intervention with High Risk Children," presented at American Association of Psychiatric Services to Children, Washington, D.C., 1977.
Goodman, C., "PACE, A Public Health Systems Approach to the Treatment and Education of High Risk Families with Young Children," presented at Bronx Psychiatric Center, Bronx, New York, 1978.
Goodman, C., "Developing Natural Support Systems in a Day Hospital Program for Parents of High Risk Children", presented at Eastern Psychological Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1979.
Goodman, C., "A Therapeutic and Educational Program of Primary and Secondary Prevention: High Risk Families and Their Young Children", presented at the New York State Psychological Assn. Saratoga Springs, New York, 1979.
Goodman, C., "Children with Special Needs", presented at Bronx Consortium of Mental Health, Bronx, New York, 1979.
Goodman, C., "Developing Natural Support Systems in a Day Hospital Program for Parents of High Risk Children", published in Resources in Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980.
Goodman, C., "Child Mental Health Problems: Issues for Black Family Support Systems", Presented at the National Council for Black Child Development, 1980.
Goodman, C., Jackson, G., "Working with Children: Don't Step on Me", Presented at American Dance Therapy Association, 1980.
Goodman, C., "Strategies and Models for Preventing Mental Disability Among Families at Risk: Female Heads of Household", Presented at Office of Mental Health Catskill Conference on Families of Mentally Disabled, 1980.
Goodman, C., Feiner, J., Schwartz, A., Musick, J., "Training Programs and Social Networks", Presented at American Orthopsychiatric Association, 1981.
Goodman, C., "Child Abuse Conference: Treatment Modalities", Presented at Department of Health and Human Services/Division of Alcoholism, Drug Abuse and Mental Health, Region II, 1981.
Goodman, C., "Innovative Mental Health Program", Presented at Washington Community Service Center, 1981.
Goodman, C., "Prevention: A Critical Issue in Mental Health", Presented at Consumer Health Information & Resource Center, 1981.
Goodman, C., "Families at Risk: Barriers to Effective Intervention and Approaches to Change", Presented by South Beach Psychiatric Center, 1981.
Goodman, C., "Children of Mentally Ill Parents", Presented at Oneida County Community Forum, 1981.
Goodman, C., "The High Risk Family: The Interdependence of Social Realities, Clinical Strategies and Political Activism", Presented at American Orthopsychiatric Association Conference, 1982.
Goodman, C., "Family Oriented Support Programs: Special Needs", Presented at Family Support Programs Conference, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1983.
Goodman, C., Mazur, R., "Developing Natural Support Systems in a Treatment and Education Program for Emotionally Disturbed Mothers and Their High Risk Children", Presented at the Fifth International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect, Montreal, Canada, 1984.
Goodman, C., "The PACE Family Treatment and Education Program: a Public Health Approach to Parental Competence and Promotion of Mental Health", in Cohler, B. and Musick, Musick, J., Intervening with Psychiatrically Disturbed Parents and Their
Young Children. New Directions For Mental Health Services, 24. San Francisco, Josey-Bass, Dec., 1984.
Goodman, C., "Preventive Psychiatric Interventions with Pre-school Aged Children, Youth and Adolescents at Risk for Mental Illness", Presented at State University of NY Downstate Medical Center, 1984.
Goodman, C., "Philosophy and Goals of a Preventive Child Abuse and Neglect Program: A Mutual Support Model", Presented at Bronx Community College, 1985.
Goodman, C., "A Comprehensive Program for Disturbed Mothers and their High Risk Preschool Children". Presented at Boston College, Boston, Massachusetts, 1985.
Goodman, C., "Techniques for Assessing High Risk Parents", Presented at Training Conference, Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Alcoholism Services, New York City, 1986.
Goodman, C., "Initiatives for High Risk Families: Early Intervention" Presented at Training Conference, Mental Health Association of Manhattan and The Bronx, New York City, 1986.
Goodman, C., "The Social Context: A Marriage Between Prevention and The Clinical Endeavor" Presented at Bronx Children's Psychiatric Center Rounds, New York City, 1986.
Goodman, C., "Families at Risk: Parenting Issues in the Treatment of Mentally Disturbed Adults", Presented at Lincoln Hospital Training Seminar, New York City, 1986.
Goodman, C., "Parenting and Early Childhood Education for Vulnerable Children", Presented at New York State Office of Mental Health, Fall Directors Conference, Rochester, New York, 1986.
Goodman, C., "Building Comprehensive Community Services for Infant Toddlers and Families", Presented at National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, Garden City, New York, l987.
Goodman, C., "Children at Risk - Prevention and Intervention an Ecological Model", Presented at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, New York City, l987.
Goodman, C., "Chemotherapy Issues and Answers: Children of Substance Abusers; A Prevention/Intervention Approach to the Treatment of High Risk Families", Presented at New York State Methadone Forum, New York City, l987.
Goodman, C., "Models for Developing Services to Mentally Ill Parents with Preschool Children", Presented at New York State Office of Mental Health Bureau of Children and Youth, New York, l987.
Goodman, C., "Positive Parenting Workshop", Presented at Labor Sherman Avenue Day Care Center, Bronx, New York, l987.
Goodman, C., "Research/Policy Roundtable on Homeless Children", Presented at Bank Street, New York City, l987.
Goodman, C., "Parents as Change Agents", Presented at Preventive Intervention Research Center for Child Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, March, 1988.
Goodman, C., "Children of Substance Abusers: Their World and Their Perspectives", Annual Substance Abuse Conference, Rochester, New York, June, 1988.
Goodman, C., "Empowerment of Women in Stress and Children at Risk", Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center, Bronx, New York, September, 1988.
Goodman, C., An Ecological Approach to Training Mental Health, Clinicians for Work with High Risk Mothers and Children", Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, November, 1988.
Goodman, Carolyn and Juliana, Patti. "Children of Substance Abusing Parents" in Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Text. Eds. Joyce Lowinson, Pedro Ruiz, Robert Millman and John Langrod. William and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md: 1992.
1977 Ruth Kirzon Group for Handicapped Children, Humanitarian Award to Carolyn Goodman.
1980 Gold Award presented by the American Psychiatric Association to Pace Family Treatment Center for its excellence in serving mentally ill patients.
1988 Lower Eastside Service Center for Services to Children at Risk.
1990 The American Association for Affirmative Action: Community Award